Howard's Pisa Book - 

        These researched papers are presented as a review of Pisa, the International School rankings, in "Lies, Damn Lies and Statistics: A Review of Pisa: Six Papers " by H.J.D. Gunn (2017). There is now a second  2020  edition.
It is available in pdf form on this webpage

Scroll for full free pdf copy of the book that can be read.

  Howard was inspired to write the book after the 2016 B.B.C. Wales "School Swap; South Korean Style" which explicitly illustrated what was lies behind the Pisa rankings. He also had a T.E.S. letter published on the subject at the time.

          There is no evidence of anyone reviewing Pisa in a researched book as Howard has done.  There are references to Pisa literature about it. The second edition of the book illustrates there is increasing skepticism about the validity of the assessments. There is no evidence that the Pisa assessments can be viewed as providing a measure to compare the quality or even the level of educational attainment in any country.

           There are three serious concerns that the book exposes. The first is that a standard sample is taken from each country, which means countries the size of Ireland provide the same size sample as the United States. The second is that the 50 point drop in Shanghai, China estimated average scores  in 2015, when it was amalgamated with three other Chinese provinces, and rise back top estimated average score when one of the three provinces, proves the volatility of the Pisa results. They are essentially meaningless. The third is the inhumane about time and work children in the Far East devote to their learning.
        It is unclear of whether Andreas Schilecher has ever had the opportunity to watch the B.B.C Wales South Korean Swap program, which clearly illustrates what was happening in South Korean. The South Korean Government was concerned about. They had even created a curfew on children studying after 10 o'clock at night in their Hagwan night class. The research book illustrates that such activities are common in the Far East.

         These links provide some details of the South Korean Swap program.
                                B.B.C. Wales South Korean Swap                                                                                                               

          B.B.C. wales Article of the Swap Progra

          What is astonishing that in the Sara Caption, which is not clearly explained in this book, is that Sarah was in school in Seoul from 8:00 am in the morning and the school day finished a 4:30 p.m. with  a lunch break and they then attended Hagwan up to 10 o'clock an night. Sarah raised concerns about the children mental health. This book raised the issue whether such practice has intrinsic learning value.


Click on book to read a free pdf copy of it

Click on this link for the Key Points of the Book

         This is a link to a Professor of Art, who was educated in Shanghai China, where she claims that children there finish school at 5 o'clock and then do homework up to 10 o'clock at night from the age of 7 to  8 years of age. She claims that children  do excessive hours even at Kindelgaren. She claims this is part of bChinese culture.

.         When Andreas Scliecher proclaims the virtue of Shghai, China attainment 


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